Famous Cowboys and Cowboy Names

(To be more precise, Famous Cowboys and Cowgirls, i.e., Cowpeople)

Legends of the Old West

(Also see Western Movie Stars and Western Characters of Film and TV)


This list has 79 actual personalities of the Old West.  Not included are lesser lawmen, outlaws, gunfighters, cowboys, and eastern pioneers, such as Daniel Boone, because they belong to, shall we say, the Old East.  Sources for much information here is from Legends of America and various Wikipedia entries.


Sorted by Popular First Name

Image

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Popular Name

(sort by last name)

Claim to Fame

Birth Name

(sort by birth surname)

Born - Died

(sort by 'born' or 'died' year)

Cause of Death

Annie Oakley

Annie Oakley

Sharpshooter and exhibition shooter; starred in Buffalo Bill's Wild West show

Phoebe Ann OakleyMoses

1860, Aug. 13

1926, Nov. 3

pernicious anemia

Arkansas Tom Jones

Arkansas Tom Jones

Outlaw and a member of the Wild Bunch gang

RoyDaugherty

1870, Jan. 1

1924, Aug. 16

killed during a gunfight

"Bat" Masterson

Bat Masterson

Gunfighter, gambler, Wyatt Earp's deputy, newspaper columnist

William BarclayMasterson

1853, Nov. 27

1921, Oct. 25

heart attack

Belle Starr

Belle Starr

(The Bandit Queen)

Rustling, horse stealing, bootlegging whiskey

Myra Belle Shirley ReedStarr

1848, Feb. 5

1889, Feb. 3

shot from ambush

"Big Jim" Courtright

Big Jim Courtright

(Tim Isaiah)

Lawman, outlaw and gunfighter

Timothy IsaiahCourtright

1848

1887, Feb. 8

shot in a gunfight

Bill Doolin

Bill Doolin

Bandit, founder of the Wild Bunch gang

WilliamDoolin

1858

1896, Aug. 24

shot by US Marshall Heck Thomas

Bill Pickett

Bill Pickett

(The Bull Dogger)

Rodeo cowboy; introduced bulldogging

WilliamPickett

1870, Dec. 5

1932, Apr. 2

kicked in the head by a horse

Bill Tilghman

Bill Tilghman

Deputy sheriff, gunfighter, saloon owner

William MatthewPickett

1854, July 4

1924, Nov. 1

shot by a corrupt prohibition agent

Billy the Kid

Billy the Kid

Outlaw, gunfighter, member of the Regulators gang

William HenryMcCarty (Aka: Henry Antrim, William H. Bonney)

1859

1881, July 14

shot by Pat Garrett

Black Bart

Black Bart

Good-mannered stage coach robber

Charles E.Boles (Also Bolles)

1829

1888, Feb. 28

unknown, last seen Feb. 28, 1888

“Black Jack” Christian

Black Jack Christian

Robber, killer, member of the "High Fives Gang"

WilliamChristian

1856

1897, Apr. 28

killed in gun fight with a posse

“Black Jack” Ketchum

Black Jack Ketchum

Cowboy turned robber, member of Hole in the Wall gang

Thomas EdwardKetchum

1863, Oct. 31

1901, Apr. 26

hanged

Blue Duck

Blue Duck

Outlaw and boyfriend of Belle Starr

Sha-con-gah (Cherokee)

1858

1895,

tuberculosis

Bob Dalton

Bob Dalton

Train and bank robber (1)

Robert RennickDalton

1869

1892, Oct. 5

shot during a bank robbery

Bob Ford

Bob Ford

Outlaw; the man who shot Jesse James

Robert Newton "Bob"Ford

1862, Jan. 31

1892, June 8

shotgun blast to the chest

Bob Younger

Bob Younger

Train and bank robber (2)

Robert EwingYounger

1853, Oct. 29

1889, Sep. 16

tuberculosis in prison

Bose Ikard

Bose Ikard

Cowboy, helped in opening up the Goodnight Loving Trail

BoseIkard

1847, July

1929, Jan. 4

?

Buffalo Bill

Buffalo Bill

Organized Buffalo Bill's Wild West, an outdoor extravaganza

William FrederickCody

1846, Feb. 26

1917, Jan. 10

kidney failure

Butch Cassidy

Butch Cassidy

Robber; member of the Wild Bunch gang

Robert LeRoyParker

1866, Apr. 13

1909, Nov. 6

suicide while surrounded and trapped

Calamity Jane

Calamity Jane

Sharpshooter, prospector, rowdy prostitute, gambler, heavy drinker

Martha JaneCannary

1852, May 1

1903, Aug. 1

alcoholism

Captain Bill McDonald

Captain Bill McDonald

A Texas Ranger who served briefly as a bodyguard for both U.S. Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson

CharlesGoodnight

1852, Sep. 28

1918, Jan. 15

pneumonia

Annie Oakley

Casey Tibbs

Cowboy, rodeo performer, and actor.

Casey DuaneTibbs

1929, Mar. 5

1990, Jan. 28

lung cancer

Charles Goodnight

Charles Goodnight

Cattle-driver; founded the Goodnight-Loving Trail; invented the chuck wagon

CharlesGoodnight

1836, Mar. 5

1929, Dec. 12

old age

Charlie Siringo

Charlie Siringo

Lawman, detective, and agent for the Pinkerton National Detective Agency

Charles AngeloSiringo

1855, Feb. 7

1928, Oct. 18

bronchitis

Chris Madsen

Chris Madsen

Danish born gunfighter; U.S. Deputy Marshal in Oklahoma; member of the Three Guardsmen crime fighers

Christian "Chris"Madsen

1851, Dec. 25

1944, Jan. 9

old age

Chuck Roberson

Chuck Roberson

Cowboy, actor, and stuntman

Charles HughRoberson

1919, May 10

1988, June 8

cancer

Clark Floss

Clark Foss

"Old Floss"

"Old Chieftain"

Renowned stage driver and stage station owner

ClarkFloss

1825

1885, Aug.

old age

Clay Allison

Clay Allison

Ruthless killer, gunfighter

Robert ClayAllison

1840, Sep. 2

1887, July 3

broken neck from accident

Cole Younger

Cole Younger

Train and bank robber; lectured and toured with Frank James in a wild west show  (2)

Thomas ColemanYounger

1844, Jan. 15

1916, Mar. 21

old age

Connie Douglas Reeves

Connie Douglas Reeves

Cowgirl who taught thousands of girls how to ride horses at Texas's Camp Waldemar

ConnieDouglas

1901, Septenber 26

2003, Aug. 17

thrown from a horse at age 101

Curly Bill Brocius

Curly Bill Brocius

Gunman, rustler and outlaw cowboy

William "Curly Bill"Brocius

1845

1882, Mar. 24

killed by Wyatt Earp

Deadwood Dick

Deadwood Dick

Cowboy; won every competition and $200 prize at July 4, 1876 Deadwood cowboy contest

NatLove

1854, June 14

1921

?

Doc Holliday

Doc Holliday

Dentist, gambler, and gunfighter; at the O.K. Corral gunfight

John HenryHolliday

1851, Aug. 14

1887, Nov. 8

consumption (tuberculosis)

Annie Oakley

Doc Scurlock

Old West figure, cowboy and gunfighter

Josiah GordonScurlock

1849, Jan. 11

1929, July 25

heart attack

Dutch Henry

Dutch Henry

Horse thief

HenryBorne

1849, July 2

1921, Jan. 10

pneumonia

Elfego Baca

Elfego Baca

Lawman, lawyer, and politician; "Frisco Shootout" incident where Elfego faced 80 men firing 4,000 shots at the home where hewas cornered

ElfegoBaca

1865, Feb. 10

1945, Aug. 27

old age

Ella Watson

Ella Watson

"Cattle Kate"

Pioneer of Wyoming, accused of cattle rustling by powerful cattlemen

Ellen LiddyWatson

1861, July 2

1889, July 20

hanged

Emmett Dalton

Emmett Dalton

Train and bank robber, real estate agent, author and actor  (1)

EmmettDalton

1871

1937, July 13

fatal illness

Frank Canton

Frank Canton

Lawman, gunslinger, cowboy and at one point in his life, an outlaw

JosiahHorner

1849, Sep. 15

1927, Sep. 27

old age

Frank Eaton

Frank Eaton

Author, cowboy, scout, Indian fighter, and Deputy U. S. Marshal

Frank Boardman "Pistol Pete"Eaton

1860, Oct. 26

1958, Apr. 8

old age

Frank James

Frank James

Bank robber; rode with William Quantrill's raiders; later shoe salesman

Alexander FrankJames

1843, Jan. 10

1915, Feb. 18

heart Failure

George McJunkin

George McJunkin

Cowboy, amateur archaeologist and historian

GeorgeMcJunkin

1851

1922, Jan. 21

old age

Grat Dalton

Grat Dalton

Train, bank robber  (1)

Gratton HanleyDalton

1861

1892, Oct. 5

shot during a bank robbery

Heck Thomas

Heck Thomas

Peace officer, tracked down and killed outlaw Bill Doolin

Henry A.Thomas

1850, Jan. 3

1912, Aug. 15

Bright's disease

Ike Clanton

Ike Clanton

Cattle rustler; involved in the Gunfight at the OK Corral

Joseph IsaacClanton

1847

1887, June 1

shot dead resisting arrest

Jedediah Smith

Jedediah Smith

Hunter, trapper, fur trader and explorer of the American West Coast

Jedediah StrongSmith

1799, Jan. 6

1831, May 27

killed by Comanche Indians

Jeff Milton

Jeff Milton

Texas Ranger, Deputy US Marshal, Chief of Police in El Paso, Texas

JeffMilton

1861, Nov. 7

1947, May 7

Natural cause

Jesse Chisholm

Jesse Chisholm

Indian trader, guide, and interpreter; namesake to the ChisholmTrail

Jesse Chisholm

1806

1868, Mar. 4

died of food poisoning

Jesse James

Jesse James

Bank and train robber, killer; member of outlaw Clement gang

Jesse WoodsonJames

1847, Sep. 5

1882, Apr. 3

shot from the back by Robert Ford

Jim Younger

Jim Younger

Rancher, train and bank robber  (2)

James HardinYounger

1848, Jan. 15

1902, Oct. 19

committed suicide

John Bozeman

John Bozeman

Pathfinder of the Bozeman Trail and founder of Bozeman, MT

John MerinBozeman

1835, Jan.

1867, Apr. 20

murdered

John Simpson Chisum

John Chisum

Cattle baron

John SimpsonChisum

1824, Aug. 15

1884, Dec. 23

throat cancer

John Ware

John Ware

Remembered for his ability to ride and train horses

JohnWare

1845

1905, Sep. 12

killed in the fall when his horse tripped

John Younger

John Younger

Train and bank robber, killer  (2)

John HarrisonYounger

1851

1874, Mar. 17

shot in the neck

John Wesley Hardin

John Wesley Hardin

Gunfighter, killer; claimed to have killed 44 men

John WesleyHardin

1853, May 26

1895, Aug. 19

shot in the back by lawman John Selman

Johnny Ringo

Johnny Ringo

Robber, killer; member of Clanton gang

John PetersRingo

1850, May 3

1882, July 13

gun shot suicide

Kid Curry

Kid Curry

Outlaw, gunman, "wildest of the Wild Bunch"

HarveyLogan

1867

1904, June 17

suicide during gun battle

King Fisher

King Fisher

Gunfighter, gang leader, rancher

John KingFisher

1854

1884, Mar. 11

shot as he leapt from a theater balcony

Kit Carson

Kit Carson

Scout, trapper; much involved with Indian affairs

Christopher HoustonCarson

1809, Dec. 24

1868, May 23

aortic aneurysm

Lucille Mulhall

Lucille Mulhall

One of the first women to compete with men in roping and riding events

LucilleMulhall

1885, Oct. 21

1940, Dec. 21

automobile accident

Luke Short

Luke Short

Noted gunfighter, who had worked as a farmer, cowboy, whiskey peddler, army scout, dispatch rider, gambler and saloon keeper

Luke L.Short

1854

1893, Sep. 8

congestive heart failure

Nate Champion

Nate Champion

Small rancher, falsely accused rustler.

Nate D.Champion

1857, Sep. 29

1892, Apr. 9

killed while being fighting off vigilantes

Oliver Loving

Oliver Loving

First cattledriver; founded the Goodnight-Loving Trail; "The Dean of Texas Trail Drivers"

OliverLoving

1812, Dec. 4

1867, Sep. 25

gangrene from a battle wound

Pat Garrett

Pat Garrett

Sheriff in New Mexico, bartender, and customs agent; killed Billy the Kid

Patrick FloydGarrett

1850, June 5

1908, Feb. 28

shot during an argument

Pawnee Bill

Pawnee Bill

Showman, created the Wild West show: "Pawnee Bill's Historic Wild West"; later joined with "Buffalo Bill" Cody

Gordon WilliamLillie

1860, Feb. 14

1942, Feb. 3

died in his sleep

 Perry Owens

Perry Owens

Arizona lawman and gunfighter

Commodore PerryOwens

1852, July 29

1919, May 10

Bright's disease

Richard King

Richard King

Riverboat captain, entrepreneur and founder of the King Ranch

RichardKing

1824, July 10

1885, Apr. 14

stomach cancer

Annie Oakley

Ruth Roach

Professional bronco rider, and world champion rodeo performer

RuthScantlin

1896

1986, June 26

?

Sam Bass

Sam Bass

Train robber

SamBass

1851, July 21

1878, July 21

gun shot wounds

Mary Fields

Stagecoach Mary

Mail carrier, driving a mail route by stagecoach in Montana

MaryFields

1832

1914

liver failure

Sundance Kid, the

Sundance Kid

Robber; member of the Wild Bunch gang

Harry AlonzoLongabaugh

1867

1909, Nov. 6

suicide while surrounded and trapped

Texas Jack

Texas Jack

Frontier scout, actor, and cowboy; first performer to do roping acts on stage

John BakerOmohundro

1846, July 26

1880, June 28

pneumonia

"Texas Jack" Vermillion

Texas Jack Vermillion

Gunfighter, soldier, lawman, outlaw, Methodist preacher; participated in the Earp vendetta ride

John WilsonVermillion

1842

1911

died peacefully in his sleep

"Texas John" Slaughter

Texas John Slaughter

Civil War veteran, trail-driver, cattleman, Texas Ranger, sheriff, gambler, and state representative

JohnSlaughter

1841, Oct. 2

1922, Feb. 16

stroke

Tom Horn

Tom Horn

Lawman, scout, soldier, hired gunman, detective, outlaw and assassin

Tom Horn(Aka: James Hicks)

1860, Nov. 21

1903, Nov. 20

hanged

Wild Bill Hickok

Wild Bill Hickok

Marksman, professional gambler, gunfighter, scout, lawman

James ButlerHickok

1837, May 27

1876, Aug. 2

shot in the back of the head

Will Rogers

Will Rogers

Humorist, social commentator, vaudeville performer, actor, newspaper columnist

William Penn AdairRogers

1879, Nov. 7

1935, Aug. 5

plane crash over Alaska

William Longley

William Longley

Outlaw, ruthless and ill-tempered gunfighter; killed at least 32 people

William PrestonLongley

1851, Oct. 6

1878, Oct. 11

hanged

Wyatt Earp

Wyatt Earp

Lawman, gambler; in gunfight at the O.K. Corral, Tombstone, Arizona

Wyatt Berry StappEarp

1848, Mar. 19

1929, Jan. 13

natural causes

  Note 1:  Dalton brothers gang included George "Bitter Creek" Newcomb, "Blackfaced" CharlieBryant, Bill Doolin, Dick Broadwell, and Bill Powers.

  Note 2:  The Younger gang included Clell Miller, Arthur McCoy, Charlie Pitts, John Jarrette,and Bill Chadwell.

 


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Clay Allison
Arkansas Tom Jones
Elfego Baca
Sam Bass
Blue Duck
Black Bart
Billy the Kid
John Bozeman
Curly Bill Brocius
Calamity Jane
Frank Canton
Kit Carson
Nate Champion
Jesse Chisholm
John Chisum
Black Jack Christian
Ike Clanton
Buffalo Bill
Big Jim Courtright
Kid Curry
Bob Dalton
Emmett Dalton
Grat Dalton
Bill Doolin
Wyatt Earp
Frank Eaton
Stagecoach Mary
King Fisher
Clark Floss
bob Ford
Pat Garrett
Charles Goodnight
John Wesley Hardin
Dutch Henry
Wild Bill Hickok
Doc Holliday
Tom Horn
Bose Ikard
Frank James
Jesse James
Black Jack Ketchum
Richard King
The Sundance Kid
William Longley
Deadwood Dick
Oliver Loving
Chris Madsen
Bat Masterson
Captain Bill McDonald
George McJunkin
Jeff Milton
Lucille Mulhall
Annie Oakley
Texas Jack
Perry Owens
Butch Cassidy
Pawnee Bill
Bil Pickett
Connie Douglas Reeves
Johnny Ringo
Ruth Roach
Chuck Roberson
Will Rogers
Doc Scurlock
Luke Short
Charlie Siringo
Texas John Slaughter
Jedediah Smith
Belle Starr
Heck Thomas
Casey Tibbs
Bill Tilghman
Texas Jack Vermillion
John Ware
Ella Watson
Bob Younger
Cole Younger
Jim Younger
John Younger