Major League Baseball Team Names and Franchise Histories

(Also visit Major League Baseball Standings History.)

(Also see Pro Team Names with variable listing.)

(Also see College Team Names with variable listing.)

The following lists give the years and the franchise names that each team played under for the American and National Leagues.  Below those two lists is a list of International League teams.  Although the American League became a major league in 1901, this list includes histories that extend before that time when it was a minor league and called the Western Association.  The source of this information is primarily from Sportsline and Wikipedia.  See also Professional Baseball Franchises.  For a short discussion on the naming of sports teams, go to Professional Sports Team Names.)


American League (1)

1954- now, Baltimore Orioles

1902-1953, St. Louis Browns

1897-1901, Milwaukee Brewers

1895-1896, Milwaukee Creams

1894-1894, Milwaukee Brewers

1907- now, Boston Red Sox

1901-1907, Boston Americans (2)

1904- now, Chicago White Sox

1900-1903, Chicago White Stockings

1895-1899, St. Paul Apostles

1894-1894, Sioux City Cornhuskers

1915- now, Cleveland Indians

1903-1914, Cleveland Naps

1902-1902, Cleveland Broncos

1901-1901, Cleveland Blues

1900-1900, Cleveland Lake Shores

1894-1899, Grand Rapids Rustlers

1901- now, Detroit Tigers

1895-1901, Detroit Wolverines

1894-1895, Detroit Tigers

2013- now, Houston Astros (3)

1968- now, Kansas City Royals

2004- now, Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (4)

1997-2003, Anaheim Angels

1965-1996, California Angels

1961-1964, Los Angeles Angels

1970-1997, Milwaukee Brewers (5)

1969-1969, Seattle Pilots

1961- now, Minnesota Twins

1956-1960, Washington Senators

1905-1955, Washington Nationals (6)

1901-1904, Washington Senators

1913- now, New York Yankees

1903-1912, New York Highlanders

1901-1902, Baltimore Orioles

1970- now, Oakland Athletics

1968-1969, Oakland City A's

1962-1967, Kansas City A's

1955-1961, Kansas City Athletics

1901-1954, Philadelphia Athletics

1977- now, Seattle Mariners

2008- now, Tampa Bay Rays

1998-2007, Tampa Bay Devil Rays

1972- now, Texas Rangers

1961-1971, Washington Senators

1977- now, Toronto Blue Jays


  NOTES:

  (1) Western Association before 1901.

  (2) See Boston Red Sox for history and Baseball Almanac for other nicknames.

  (3) Houston Astros moved to the American League in 2013.

  (4) The team is now referred to simply as the “Angels”.

  (5) Milwaukee Brewers moved to the National League in 1998.

  (6) Known by fans as “Senators” also.

  (7) This history is confusing. See “Brooklyn Atlantics” and “Brooklyn Grays”.

  (8)Phillies” is the oldest continuous team nickname in American sports.

National League

1998- now, Arizona Diamondbacks

1966- now, Atlanta Braves

1953-1965, Milwaukee Braves

1941-1952, Boston Braves

1936-1940, Boston Bees

1912-1935, Boston Braves

1911-1911, Boston Rustlers

1907-1910, Boston Doves

1883-1906, Boston Beaneaters

1876-1882, Boston Red Caps

1871-1875, Boston Red Stockings

1902- now, Chicago Cubs

1898-1901, Chicago Orphans

1890-1897, Chicago Colts

1870-1889, Chicago White Stockings

1960- now, Cincinnati Reds

1954-1959, Cincinnati Redlegs

1890-1953, Cincinnati Reds

1882-1889, Cincinnati Red Stockings

1993- now, Colorado Rockies

1993- now, Florida Marlins

1965-2012, Houston Astros (3)

1962-1964, Houston Colt .45s

1958- now, Los Angeles Dodgers

1932-1957, Brooklyn Dodgers

1914-1930, Brooklyn Robins

1913-1913, Brooklyn Dodgers

1911-1912, Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers

1899-1910, Brooklyn Superbas

1896-1898, Brooklyn Bridegrooms

1891-1895, Brooklyn Grooms

1888-1890, Brooklyn Bridegrooms (7)

1998- now, Milwaukee Brewers (5)

1962- now, New York Mets

1945- now, Philadelphia Phillies (8)

1943-1944, Philadelphia Blue Jays

1890-1942, Philadelphia Phillies

1887-1889, Philadelphia Blue Jays (unofficial)

1883-1886, Philadelphia Quakers (unofficial)

1891- now, Pittsburgh Pirates

1887-1890, Pittsburgh Alleghenys

1882-1886, Allegheny Innocents

1900- now, St. Louis Cardinals

1899-1899, St. Louis Perfectos

1885-1898, St. Louis Browns

1883-1884, St. Louis Brown Stockings

1969- now, San Diego Padres

1958- now, San Francisco Giants

1885-1957, New York Giants

1882-1884, New York Gothams

2005- now, Washington Nationals

1969-2004, Montreal Expos

Federal League (1914-1915)

1914-1915, Baltimore Terrapins

1914-1915, Brooklyn Tip-Tops

1914/1915, Buffalo Buffeds/Blues

1914/1915, Chicago Chi-Feds/Whales

1914-1914, Indianapolis Hoosiers

1915-1914, Newark Pepper

1914-1915, Kansas City Packers

1914-1915, Pittsburgh Rebels

1914-1915, St. Louis Terriers

International League (1885-now)

1920-1920, Akron Buckeyes

1888-1888, Albany Governors

1885-1936, Albany Senators

1894-1894, Allentown Bingoes

1963-1963, Arkansas Travelers

1962-1965, Atlanta Crackers

1903-1953, Baltimore Orioles

1885-1919, Binghamton Bingoes

1886-1887, Binghamton Crickets

1901-1901, Brockton B's

1886- now, Buffalo Bisons

1971-1983, Charleston Charlies

1961-1961, Charleston Marlins

1993- now, Charlotte Knights

1977- now, Columbus Clippers

1955-1970, Columbus Jets

1889-1890, Detroit Wolverines

1998- now, Durham Bulls

1885-1885, Elmira Colonels

1892-1892, Elmira Gladiators

1890-1890, Grand Rapids Shamrocks

2009- now, Gwinnett Braves

1886-1886, Hamilton Clippers

1887-1889, Hamilton Hams

1918-1918, Hamilton Tigers

1924- now, Harrisburg Senators

1954-1960, Havana Sugar Kings

1998- now, Indianapolis Indians

1891-1891, Lebanon Cedars

2008- now, Lehigh Valley IronPigs

1888-1890, London Tecumsehs

2002- now, Louisville Bats

1968-1972, Louisville Colonels

1962-1968, Jacksonville Suns

1937-1950, Jersey City Giants

1960-1961, Jersey City Jerseys

1918-1933, Jersey City Skeeters

1984-1988, Maine Guides

1974-1976, Memphis Blues

1955-1960, Miami Marlins

1928-1960, Montreal Royals

1891-1892, New Haven Nutmegs

1917-1949, Newark Bears

1908-1916, Newark Indians

1887-1887, Newark Little Giants

1902-1907, Newark Sailors

1993- now, Norfolk Tides

1886-1887, Oswego Starchboxes

1885-1885, Oswego Sweegs

1952-1954, Ottawa A's

1951-1951, Ottawa Giants

1993-2007, Ottawa Lynx

1898-1898, Ottawa Wanderers

1977- now, Pawtucket Red Sox

1972-1973, Peninsula Whips

1891-1905, Providence Clamdiggers

1895-1925, Providence Grays

1921-1922, Reading Aces

1919-1919, Reading Coal Barons

1923-1932, Reading Keystones

1920-1920, Reading Marines

1966-2008, Richmond Braves

1915-1917, Richmond Climbers

1954-1964, Richmond Virginians

1897-1897, Rochester Blackbirds

1899-1911, Rochester Bronchos

1921-1921, Rochester Colts

1885-1885, Rochester Flour Cities

1891-1892, Rochester Hop Bitters

1912-1920, Rochester Hustlers

1888-1889, Rochester Jingoes

1898-1898, Rochester Patriots

1928- now, Rochester Red Wings

1922-1927, Rochester Tribe

1895-1895, Scranton Coal Heavers

1887-1887, Scranton Indians

1989-2006, Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons

2007- now, Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees

1950-1953, Springfield Cubs

1895-1895, Springfield Maroons

1893-1900, Springfield Ponies

2007- now, Syracuse Chiefs

1997-2006, Syracuse SkyChiefs

1885-1927, Syracuse Stars

1969-1992, Tidewater Tides

1889-1889, Toledo Black Pirates

1965- now, Toledo Mud Hens

1886-1895, Toronto Canucks

1896-1967, Toronto Maple Leafs

1888-1893, Troy Trojans

1894-1894, Troy Washer Women

1885-1887, Utica Pentups

1893-1898, Wilkes-Barre Coal Barons

1970-1971, Winnipeg/Pennisula Whips

1899-1900, Worcester Farmers

1903-1903, Worcester Riddlers

1902-1902, Worcester Hustlers

1901-1901, Worcester Quakers

See also Football Team Names, Basketball Team Names, and Hockey Team Names.  For a variable listing of all teams, go to All Team Names.