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Major League Baseball Team Names and Franchise Histories

(Also visit Major League Baseball Standings History.)

(Also see Pro Team Names with variable listing.)

(Also see College Team Names with variable listing.)

The following lists give the years and the franchise names that each team played under for the American and National Leagues.  Below those two lists is a list of International League teams.  Although the American League became a major league in 1901, this list includes histories that extend before that time when it was a minor league and called the Western Association.  The source of this information is primarily from Sportsline and Wikipedia.  See also Professional Baseball Franchises.  For a short discussion on the naming of sports teams, go to Professional Sports Team Names.)


American League (1)

1954- now, Baltimore Orioles

1902-1953, St. Louis Browns

1897-1901, Milwaukee Brewers

1895-1896, Milwaukee Creams

1894-1894, Milwaukee Brewers

1907- now, Boston Red Sox

1901-1907, Boston Americans (2)

1904- now, Chicago White Sox

1900-1903, Chicago White Stockings

1895-1899, St. Paul Apostles

1894-1894, Sioux City Cornhuskers

1915- now, Cleveland Indians

1903-1914, Cleveland Naps

1902-1902, Cleveland Broncos

1901-1901, Cleveland Blues

1900-1900, Cleveland Lake Shores

1894-1899, Grand Rapids Rustlers

1901- now, Detroit Tigers

1895-1901, Detroit Wolverines

1894-1895, Detroit Tigers

2013- now, Houston Astros(3)

1968- now, Kansas City Royals

2004- now, Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (4)

1997-2003, Anaheim Angels

1965-1996, California Angels

1961-1964, Los Angeles Angels

1970-1997, Milwaukee Brewers (5)

1969-1969, Seattle Pilots

1961- now, Minnesota Twins

1956-1960, Washington Senators

1905-1955, Washington Nationals (6)

1901-1904, Washington Senators

1913- now, New York Yankees

1903-1912, New York Highlanders

1901-1902, Baltimore Orioles

1970- now, Oakland Athletics

1968-1969, Oakland City A's

1962-1967, Kansas City A's

1955-1961, Kansas City Athletics

1901-1954, Philadelphia Athletics

1977- now, Seattle Mariners

2008- now, Tampa Bay Rays

1998-2007, Tampa Bay Devil Rays

1972- now, Texas Rangers

1961-1971, Washington Senators

1977- now, Toronto Blue Jays


National League

1998- now, Arizona Diamondbacks

1966- now, Atlanta Braves

1953-1965, Milwaukee Braves

1941-1952, Boston Braves

1936-1940, Boston Bees

1912-1935, Boston Braves

1911-1911, Boston Rustlers

1907-1910, Boston Doves

1883-1906, Boston Beaneaters

1876-1882, Boston Red Caps

1871-1875, Boston Red Stockings

1902- now, Chicago Cubs

1898-1901, Chicago Orphans

1890-1897, Chicago Colts

1870-1889, Chicago White Stockings

1960- now, Cincinnati Reds

1954-1959, Cincinnati Redlegs

1890-1953, Cincinnati Reds

1882-1889, Cincinnati Red Stockings

1993- now, Colorado Rockies

1993- now, Florida Marlins

1965-2012, Houston Astros(3)

1962-1964, Houston Colt .45s

1958- now, Los Angeles Dodgers

1932-1957, Brooklyn Dodgers

1914-1930, Brooklyn Robins

1913-1913, Brooklyn Dodgers

1911-1912, Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers

1899-1910, Brooklyn Superbas

1896-1898, Brooklyn Bridegrooms

1891-1895, Brooklyn Grooms

1888-1890, Brooklyn Bridegrooms (7)

1998- now, Milwaukee Brewers (5)

1962- now, New York Mets

1945- now, Philadelphia Phillies (8)

1943-1944, Philadelphia Blue Jays

1890-1942, Philadelphia Phillies

1887-1889, Philadelphia Blue Jays (unofficial)

1883-1886, Philadelphia Quakers (unofficial)

1891- now, Pittsburgh Pirates

1887-1890, Pittsburgh Alleghenys

1882-1886, Allegheny Innocents

1900- now, St. Louis Cardinals

1899-1899, St. Louis Perfectos

1885-1898, St. Louis Browns

1883-1884, St. Louis Brown Stockings

1969- now, San Diego Padres

1958- now, San Francisco Giants

1885-1957, New York Giants

1882-1884, New York Gothams

2005- now, Washington Nationals

1969-2004, Montreal Expos

  NOTES:

  (1) Western Association before 1901.

  (2) See Boston Red Sox for history and Baseball Almanac for other nicknames.

  (3) Houston Astros moved to the American League in 2013.

  (4) The team is now referred to simply as the “Angels”.

  (5) Milwaukee Brewers moved to the National League in 1998.

  (6) Known by fans as “Senators” also.

  (7) This history is confusing. See “Brooklyn Atlantics” and “Brooklyn Grays”.

  (8)Phillies”is the oldest continuous team nickname in American sports.

FederalLeague (1914-1915)

1914-1915, Baltimore Terrapins

1914-1915, Brooklyn Tip-Tops

1914/1915, Buffalo Buffeds/Blues

1914/1915, Chicago Chi-Feds/Whales

1914-1914, Indianapolis Hoosiers

1915-1914, Newark Pepper

1914-1915, Kansas City Packers

1914-1915, Pittsburgh Rebels

1914-1915, St. Louis Terriers

InternationalLeague (1885-now)

1920-1920, Akron Buckeyes>

1888-1888, Albany Governors>

1885-1936, Albany Senators>

1894-1894, Allentown Bingoes>

1963-1963, Arkansas Travelers>

1962-1965, Atlanta Crackers>

1903-1953, Baltimore Orioles>

1885-1919, Binghamton Bingoes>

1886-1887, Binghamton Crickets>

1901-1901, Brockton B's>

1886- now, Buffalo Bisons>

1971-1983, Charleston Charlies>

1961-1961, Charleston Marlins>

1993- now, Charlotte Knights>

1977- now, Columbus Clippers>

1955-1970, Columbus Jets>

1889-1890, Detroit Wolverines>

1998- now, Durham Bulls>

1885-1885, Elmira Colonels>

1892-1892, Elmira Gladiators>

1890-1890, Grand Rapids Shamrocks>

2009- now, Gwinnett Braves>

1886-1886, Hamilton Clippers>

1887-1889, Hamilton Hams>

1918-1918, Hamilton Tigers>

1924- now, Harrisburg Senators>

1954-1960, Havana Sugar Kings>

1998- now, Indianapolis Indians>

1891-1891, Lebanon Cedars>

2008- now, Lehigh Valley Iron Pigs>

1888-1890, London Tecumsehs>

2002- now, Louisville Bats>

1968-1972, Louisville Colonels>

1962-1968, Jacksonville Suns>

1937-1950, Jersey City Giants>

1960-1961, Jersey City Jerseys>

1918-1933, Jersey City Skeeters>

1984-1988, Maine Guides>

1974-1976, Memphis Blues>

1955-1960, Miami Marlins>

1928-1960, Montreal Royals>

1891-1892, New Haven Nutmegs>

1917-1949, Newark Bears>

1908-1916, Newark Indians>

1887-1887, Newark Little Giants>

1902-1907, Newark Sailors>

1993- now, Norfolk Tides>

1886-1887, Oswego Starchboxes>

1885-1885, Oswego Sweegs>

1952-1954, Ottawa A's>

1951-1951, Ottawa Giants>

1993-2007, Ottawa Lynx>

1898-1898, Ottawa Wanderers>

1977- now, Pawtucket Red Sox>

1972-1973, Peninsula Whips>

1891-1905, Providence Clamdiggers>

1895-1925, Providence Grays>

1921-1922, Reading Aces>

1919-1919, Reading Coal Barons>

1923-1932, Reading Keystones>

1920-1920, Reading Marines>

1966-2008, Richmond Braves>

1915-1917, Richmond Climbers>

1954-1964, Richmond Virginians>

1897-1897, Rochester Blackbirds>

1899-1911, Rochester Bronchos>

1921-1921, Rochester Colts>

1885-1885, Rochester Flour Cities>

1891-1892, Rochester Hop Bitters>

1912-1920, Rochester Hustlers>

1888-1889, Rochester Jingoes>

1898-1898, Rochester Patriots>

1928- now, Rochester Red Wings>

1922-1927, Rochester Tribe>

1895-1895, Scranton Coal Heavers>

1887-1887, Scranton Indians>

1989-2006, Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons>

2007- now, Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees>

1950-1953, Springfield Cubs>

1895-1895, Springfield Maroons>

1893-1900, Springfield Ponies>

2007- now, Syracuse Chiefs>

1997-2006, Syracuse SkyChiefs>

1885-1927, Syracuse Stars>

1969-1992, Tidewater Tides>

1889-1889, Toledo Black Pirates>

1965- now, Toledo Mud Hens>

1886-1895, Toronto Canucks>

1896-1967, Toronto Maple Leafs>

1888-1893, Troy Trojans>

1894-1894, Troy Washer Women>

1885-1887, Utica Pentups>

1893-1898, Wilkes-Barre Coal Barons>

1970-1971, Winnipeg/Pennisula Whips>

1899-1900, Worcester Farmers>

1903-1903, Worcester Riddlers>

1902-1902, Worcester Hustlers>

1901-1901, Worcester Quakers>

See also Football Team Names, Basketball Team Names, and Hockey Team Names.  For a variable listing of all teams, go to All Team Names.

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